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    • 配置 yum 源的两种方法

      由于 redhat的yum在线更新是收费的,如果没有注册的话不能使用,如果要使用,需将redhat的yum卸载后,重启安装,再配置其他源,以下为详细过程:

      1.删除redhat原有的yum
      rpm -aq|grep yum|xargs rpm -e --nodeps

      2.下载yum安装文件
      wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-3.2.27-14.el6.centos.noarch.rpm
      wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-14.1.el6.x86_64.rpm
      wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.26-11.el6.noarch.rpm
      wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm

      3.进行安装yum

      rpm -ivh python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm
      rpm -ivh yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-14.1.el6.x86_64.rpm
      rpm -ivh yum-3.2.27-14.el6.centos.noarch.rpm um-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.26-11.el6.noarch.rpm 
      注意最后两个包必需同时安装,否则会相互依赖

      4.更新repo文件

      mv /etc/yum.repos.d/rhel-debuginfo.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/rhel-debuginfo.repo.repo.bak

      vi /etc/yum.repos.d/rhel-debuginfo.repo

      内容为:

      [base]
      name=CentOS-$releasever - Base
      baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.0/os/$basearch/
      gpgcheck=1
      gpgkey=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

      #released updates
      [updates]
      name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates
      baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.0/updates/$basearch/
      gpgcheck=1
      gpgkey=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

      History(历史)命令用法 15 例

      Linux

      #packages used/produced in the build but not released
      #[addons]
      #name=CentOS-$releasever - Addons
      #baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/$releasever/addons/$basearch/
      #gpgcheck=1
      #gpgkey=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
      #additional packages that may be useful
      [extras]
      name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras
      baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.0/extras/$basearch/
      gpgcheck=1
      gpgkey=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6
      #additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
      [centosplus]
      name=CentOS-$releasever - Plus
      baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6.0/centosplus/$basearch/
      gpgcheck=1
      enabled=0

      5、yum clean all

      6、yum install vim #测试一下可不可以用

       

      【设置本地镜像作为yum源】

      1、mkdir /mnt/cdrom

      2   mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom  #挂着镜像,光盘

      3  mkdir /home/redhat-iso

      4  cp -Rf /mnt/cdrom/* /home/redhat-iso   #将光盘内的内容copy到某个路径下

      5  vi /etc/yum.repos.d/rhel-debuginfo.repo  #编辑repo文件

      添加一下内容:

      [rhel_6_iso]
      name=local iso
      baseurl=file:///home/redhat-iso/
      gpgcheck=1
      gpgkey=file:///home/redhat-iso/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 #该处的gpgkey文件应该改成iso镜像中的文件名

      History(历史)命令用法 15 例

      Linux

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